Past Simple

単純過去は、 今より前に終了した行動 について述べるために使います。期間は重要ではありません。行動が起こった時は、最近でも、ずっと前でも使えます。

Frequencyoften, sometimes, always
頻度: よく、時々、いつも

I sometimes walked home at lunchtime.
I often played baseball.

A definite point in timelast week, when I was a child, yesterday, six weeks ago
明確な時点: 先週、子供だったとき、6週間前

We saw a good film last week.
Yesterday, I arrived in Geneva.
She finished her work at seven o’clock
I went to the theatre last night

An indefinite point in time: the other day, ages ago, a long time ago
不確定な時点: 先頃、昔

People lived in caves a long time ago.
She played the piano when she was a child.

規則動詞:

通常の動詞は常に-edで終わります。

Play Like Live Walk
I I played I liked I lived I walked
You You played You liked You lived You walked
He/She/It He played She liked It lived He walked
We We played We liked We lived We walked
You (plural) You played You liked You lived You walked
They They played They liked They lived They walked

不規則動詞:

多くの不規則動詞があります。:'(
これらは最も一般的です。

動詞 単純過去
Be was
Have had
Do did
Go went
Eat ate
Say said
See saw

否定動詞

否定動詞の場合、通常は「didn’t」と不定形を使用します。

規則動詞 否定動詞
Play didn’t play
Like didn’t like
Live didn’t live
Walk didn’t walk
不規則動詞 否定動詞
Be wasn’t
Have didn’t have
Do didn’t do
Go didn’t go
Eat didn’t eat
Say didn’t say
See didn’t see

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